Friday, July 24, 2009

All about the treatment of depression

All about the treatment of depression. Methods of treatment of depression. Mental health care. Biological treatment and psychotherapy.
Unfortunately, most people with depression do not understand that they are sick, and therefore did not consider it necessary to seek medical attention for depression, and suffer the issue: how to get rid of depression?

How to effectively treat depression, are not known to many inhabitants. However, treatment of the first signs of depression are not only worried about them. Efficient help with depression remains a challenge not only to psychiatrists, doctors, and psychotherapists. The successful treatment of depression is necessary to include a biological therapy, psychotherapy and social interventions aimed at improving the status of the patient.

Spontaneous healing in the protracted course of depression was rarely and is about 10% of all cases, the return of depression when it happens over the next 2-4 years.

The effectiveness of the treatment of depression depends on its clinical picture and the adequacy of therapeutic interventions. Biological treatment of depression primarily consists of pharmacological therapy. At the same time for the biological treatment of depression may be used: Electro-therapy, sleep deprivation, phototherapy, diet therapy, therapy with medicinal herbs, efferent sorption technique and other biological effects on the body means a patient man. Among the pharmacotherapeutic treatment of depression most commonly used antidepressants, but the treatment of this disease, are also used and other drugs: tranquilizers, neuroleptics, vitamins, hormones, antioxidants, salts of lithium, drugs that improve the metabolism of brain cells, affecting the immune system and other medicinal means.

It should be noted that antidepressants could also be effective in the treatment of anxiety, fear, obsessions states, migraine, bulimia, autonomic crisis and even the removal of pain of different origin, since antidepressants generally increase the threshold of pain sensitivity. Treatment can be signs of depression through psychotherapy. To get rid of depression, patients have to seek this form of medical and psychological assistance. Patient long-term depression is not solved by resorting to receive drugs and start receiving antidepressants, often quickly terminate drug treatment of depression.

Because of helplessness and constant doubt, patients usually suggestibility, and reading the annotations on these or other drugs, it is easy to find in their side effects are already in the first days of treatment. In addition, patients suffering from depression have a functional disorder of internal organs, and because of this really sensitive to side effects of drugs. Many patients have a false alarm with regard to permanent dependence on antidepressants. A significant portion of patients suffering from depression related to a placebo - the reactor, ie people are easily reactive to receive even the «empty pill», does not contain any active drug substance. All of the above determines the increasing interest of patients to psychotherapy.

A major argument against the role of psychotherapy in treating depression, are the experimental data, which speak of the importance of psychological factors in shaping the sustainability of therapeutic drugs for depression. An effective course of psychotherapy in the long term, possibly more useful than the drug because it teaches the patient. The latter acquired the skills to overcome depression, learning to recognize its approach, to prevent the development of its recurrence. The results of many studies, the normalization of endocrine indices in the treatment of depression is achieved not only during treatment with antidepressants, but also in psychotherapy. Moreover, the impact of psychotherapy on endocrine indicators observed in the case of combination therapy with psihofarmakologicheskoy, and in the case of using it as the sole method of treatment.

In some cases, psychotherapy allows patients to adjust to real life. Having an independent therapeutic effect, psychotherapy promotes optimal patient and physician collaboration, improves efficiency of medical treatment, and improves family relationships and the professional status of the patient.

Frequent start of depression after acute trauma or prolonged stress leads to a persistent search for the psychological reasons for its occurrence. This fact reinforces the desire for psychological care of patients with depression. However, excessive overestimation of its possibilities, unfortunately, can lead to a complete rejection of psychotropic substances, the formation of resistant variants and the protracted course of depression, the emergence of early exacerbations. Question: how to treat a patient for depression remains an open question.

From the standpoint of medical psychotherapy of depression should be primarily directed towards the elimination of, signs of depression. Some of them are more sensitive to psychotherapy and other relatively hard to its effects. Understand that in severe depression psychotherapy opportunities are more limited than in cases of lung disease. As the impact of mental health targets in the treatment of depression provide disorders of mood, thinking, behavior, motivation and physiological symptoms. Among the affective symptoms - sadness, guilt and shame and anxiety in particular are especially sensitive to psychotherapeutic influence.