Wednesday, July 22, 2009

Scientific knowledge Depression

The main types of depression
Often depression is emerging against the backdrop of existing long-term stress, or severe traumatic situations. Sometimes they occur for no apparent reason. Depression can accompany systemic diseases (cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, endocrine, etc.). In such cases it is substantially burdening the main course and prognosis of somatic diseases. However, early detection and treatment of depression observed rapid improvement in mental and physical well-being.

Depression can occur in a single, different severity of episodes of disease or take a long time in the form of repeated exacerbations.

In some patients the depression is chronic - can last many years without reaching a significant gravity.

Sometimes depression is limited mainly bodily symptoms without distinct emotional expressions. In doing so, clinical and laboratory tests could not detect any organic changes. In such cases the advice of psychiatrists.

Modern ideas about the causes of depression
Bio-psycho-social model of depression.
Modern science considers depression as an illness, the origins of which contribute to different causes or factors - biological, psychological and social.
Biology of Depression.

To biological factors of depression include, above all, the specific violations of neurochemical processes (exchange neuromediators, such as serotonin, noradrenalin, acetylcholine, etc.). These violations, in turn, may be hereditarily conditioned.

Psychology Depression.
The research revealed the following psychological factors of depression:

* A special way of thinking, the so-called negative thinking, which is characterized by fixation on the negative aspects of life and their own personality, the tendency to see in a negative light surrounding the life and its future
* The particular style of communication in a family with a high level of criticism increased conflict
* Increased the number of stressors of life events in personal life (separation, divorce, alcoholisation loved ones, death of loved ones)
* Social exclusion from a small number of warm, trusting contacts that could serve as a source of emotional support

Social context of depression.
Growth depression in modern civilization is associated with a high tempo of life, raising her stressors: a highly competitive modern society, social instability - a high level of migration, the difficult economic conditions, uncertainty about the future. In modern society, cultivated a range of values, starvation of the rights of permanent dissatisfaction with each other - and the personality cult of physical perfection, the cult of power, of superiority over other people and personal well-being. It makes people hard to survive and to hide their problems and failures, depriving them of their emotional support and condemned to solitude.